Physical Sciences and Engineering
ELI – Extreme-Light-Infrastructure
Mr Florian Gliksohn
ELI will be the first laser research infrastructure resulting from a truly crossborder effort. Apart from the pioneering character of its scientific mission, ELI will be a major contribution to the development and the balance of the European Research Area, as it will be the first research infrastructure to be implemented in the newer Member States (CZ, HU, RO) thanks to the use of structural funds. The project calls for intense cooperation between the three host countries, and will require strong involvement of partners from Europe and the rest of the world. This international cooperation will be reflected at the local implementation level, but also through the creation of an ELI Delivery Consortium involving many European partners. The poster will focus on these characteristics of ELI and on the project’s dependency on international cooperation.
European XFEL – European X-Ray Free-Electron Laser Facility GmbH
Dr. Frank Poppe
The European X-Ray Free-Electron Laser facility (European XFEL) was one of 35 large-scale research infrastructure projects of the ESFRI roadmap published in October 2006. Construction in Northern Germany started in January 2009. From end of 2015 on, XFEL will generate extremely intense coherent X-ray flashes of unique properties for researchers from all over the world. They will investigate nanometer-scale structures, fast processes, and extreme states, developing 3D images of viruses or proteins, and filming chemical reactions. The new facility will benefit many scientific fields—among them biology, chemistry, medicine, physics, materials science, nanotechnology, energy technology and electronics.
FAIR – Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research in Europe
Prof. Dr. Boris Sharkov
»International Facility for Fundamental Physics and Applications
The Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research in Europe (FAIR) is one of the largest accelerator projects in the world to understand fundamental questions of the structure of matter and its building blocks, and the evolution of the universe. In addition, FAIR will offer research opportunities for space missions, biophysics and material testing, for example. From 2018 on, 3,000 scientists from 50 countries will profit from FAIR. The facility will be built in cooperation with the international scientific community at Darmstadt in Hesse, Germany. The Federal Republic of Germany will provide the major part of the budget together with the State of Hesse. International partner states in Europe and overseas will make substantial contribution as well, six of them being shareholders of FAIR already. FAIR will use the existing GSI accelerators as injectors.
ILC-HiGrade – International Linear Collider and High Gradient Superconducting RF-Cavities
Prof. Eckhard Elsen
The International Linear Collider (ILC) is the next large facility to be realized after the successful start-up of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. The emerging physics results of the LHC call for a facility that unravels their detailed structure. Because of the simplicity of the electron and positron, the ILC complements the discovery potential of the LHC. The design and planning of the ILC proceeds in a truly global fashion. ILC-HiGrade constitutes a major activity in Europe and addresses the efficient acceleration of particles in superconducting RF cavities, the key high-technology component and a major cost driver of the ILC. ILC-HiGrade has also made great strides in understanding the mechanisms for realising the project both in Europe and elsewhere.
ILL 20/20 – The Upgrade of the Institut Laue Langevin
Mrs Eileen Clucas
The Institut Laue-Langevin is an international research centre at the leading edge of neutron science and technology. It operates one of the most intense neutron sources in the world feeding intense beams of neutrons to a suite of 40 high-performance instruments. These are constantly upgraded - recently with Commission support. ILL’s facilities and expertise is available to visiting scientists; it receives ~1200 researchers from 40+ countries to conduct over 800 experiments each year. Research focuses on fundamental science. It covers nuclear and particle physics, earth sciences, condensed matter physics, chemistry, biology, materials and engineering; it impacts societal challenges - sustainable energy sources, better health-care, cleaner environments, and new materials for the latest technologies. ILL scientists’ expertise in neutron research and technology (chemists, physicists, biologists, crystallographers, magnetism and nuclear physics) is available for the scientific community.
LHC – The Large Hadron Collider complex
Dr Jean-Pierre Koutchouk
»The Large Hadron Collider: an example of global venture
The Large Hadron Collider and its physics detectors are amongst the largest and most ambitious research infrastructures ever built. Necessarily, given the scientific and technical challenges requiring the best competences, and the need to share cost, the collider and its detectors are global ventures. While they are perceived as components of CERN activities, it is perhaps not widely known that they obey different organizational rules, experimented over decades. The collider has been studied and built by the CERN laboratory, an integrated collaboration of 20 Member States, with in-kind contributions from the USA, Japan, Russia, Canada and India. The largest physics detectors are collaborations of over 130 institutes from over 35 countries, with original organizations based on the search of consensus and a combination of in-kind and cash contributions. This poster describes the respective benefits and challenges, and the evolutions foreseen to prepare the upgrade of infrastructures for the next decade.
NOT – Nordic Optical Telescope
Dr. Johannes Andersen
»The Nordic Optical Telescope: Towards the Joint European Facility
The 2.5m Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT) was inaugurated in 1990 as a standalone international facility for a wide range of Nordic research projects in optical astronomy in the northern hemisphere. Today the context is totally changed: The global-scale southern-hemisphere facilities of the European Southern Observatory (ESO) dominate the scene, and the ASTRONET Science Vision and Infrastructure Roadmap have laid out a coherent strategy for the future of ALL European infrastructures for ALL of European astronomy. The NOT is leading the way by specializing its role to the study of supernovae and other transient and variable sources by a broad European - and eventually global – user community, as part of the future 2-4m telescope facility being organized through ASTRONET. Its training activities are also being optimized for the European multiwavelength infrastructures of tomorrow.
SKA – Square Kilometre Arrayand archiving of model mammalian genomes
Mr. Colin Greenwood
The SKA is a global science project to build the world’s largest and most sensitive radio telescope. Scientists and engineers from more than 20 countries, together with industry partners, are participating in research and development for the SKA which will be capable of answering some of the most fundamental questions about the Universe. The SKA Organisation has recently been set up which has formalised the relationships between international partners and centralised the leadership of the project. Founding members are Australia, China, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand, South Africa and the UK, which hosts the organisation. Further countries are expected to join over the next few years and commit additional resources. Two candidate locations are under consideration: Australia - New Zealand and Southern Africa. A decision on where the telescope will be sited is expected in the first half of 2012.
SPIRAL2 – Système de production d’Ions Radioactifs en Ligne de 2ème génération
Dr. Lewitowicz | firstname.lastname@example.org |
SPIRAL2 (Second Generation System On-Line Production of Radioactive Ions) is a new infrastructure for the study of fundamental nuclear physics and multidisciplinary research at GANIL (Caen, France). It is as large as the current GANIL facility and will complete its existent installations with new exceptional beams and instruments. SPIRAL2 is currently under construction and will start the operation in 2014. The European FP7 Project SPIRAL2 Preparatory Phase allows the participation of 25 European partners in the construction of SPIRAL2 via the development of the technological, financial, legal and organisational issues. Since the start of SPIRAL2 project, numerous international collaborations were developed with partners from Russia, China and India. Alongside the construction of SPIRAL2, international collaborations of physicists and engineers are developing new detectors with unprecedented performance adapted to SPIRAL2 high intensity beams.
TIARA – Test Infrastructure and Accelerator Research Area
Ms Céline TANGUY (TIARA-PP project)
»TIARA: Structuring and enhancing particle accelerator R&D in Europe
Accelerator R&D and its applications often lead to innovations with strong socio-economical impacts. Indeed, particle accelerators are vital state-of-the-art instruments for both fundamental and applied research but they are also used for other purposes in a huge variety of fields: Health and Medicine, Industry, Energy and Environment. As new accelerator developments require more and more sophisticated and expensive prototypes and test facilities, many of those involved in the field felt the need to establish a new initiative, TIARA, with the aim of providing a more structured framework for accelerator R&D in Europe. This project involves 11 institutes from 8 European countries. The main objective of TIARA is the integration of national and international accelerator R&D infrastructures into a single distributed European accelerator R&D facility with the goal of developing and strengthening state-of-the-art research, competitiveness and innovation in a sustainable way in the field of accelerator Science and Technologies in Europe.